Twelfth Generation

2284. Jean Baptiste LEONARD was born in Cologne, Germany according to one source, However, his 1730 marriage record to his 2nd wife, Anne Courdray, shows that he was a native of Liège. This is likely a reference to the Bishopric of Liège in the Luxembourg Province of Belgium based on records of his son, Jean Frédéric Leonard. There was a 'Jean Baptiste Leonard' on the ship list of 'La Venus' dated 7 April 1721. He arrived with a wife and four children. "Lenard and his son" was listed in a section of the "General census of all inhabitants of the colony of Louisiana dated January 1, 1726, including the entire coast bordering the Gulf of Mexico from Mobile to New Orleans, Colonies along the Missisippi River, including the region known as Illinois" entitled "Habitations straight up the river (Mississippi)". Living a short distance from them was the Drapeau family - the family of whom his son, Jean Frédéric, would later marry into. A year late, on 1 July 1727, there was a 'Jean Baptiste Leonard' listed on a census in New Orleans along with his two sons. This particular census was labeled the "Continuation of the Census of M. Perier reported July 1, 1727. Habitants in the Environs of New Orleans, along the river". They were living on the "right bank ascending". Jean Baptiste and his 2nd wife, Anne Coudray, are likely the couple who were identified as "Leonard" in the 1731 census in a section entitled "Census of Inhabitants Along the River Mississippi Dated 1731". In this census, it appears that he was living alone with his wife (Coudray). They were enumerated with six negro slaves and one negro (slave) child. Jean Baptiste and Anne Coudray were likely the couple enumerated on Rue de Chartres in New Orleans in the January 1732 census. They were identified as "Leonard, gardener and Intendant". The Census was described as the "Census of the Inhabitants and Property Owners of New Orleans as of January 1732 (unsigned by initialled by N.S.)". Living next door to the couple was Frédéric Leonard - likely the son of Jean Baptiste with his first wife, Marie Poulan/Paulus/Paulier. Jean Baptiste died after 10 June 1740. On that date, he signed the marriage contract of his son, Jean Frédéric Leonard (with Marie Jeanne Drapeau). Marie POULAN (PAULUS)(PAULIER) and Jean Baptiste LEONARD were likely married in Belgium or Germany.

[Note: Jean Baptiste's 2nd marriage was to Anne Coudray on 11 July 1730 in New Orleans. 3093,1 Jean Baptiste Leonard and Anne Coudray had, at least, three children: Jean Baptiste, Louis, and Marie Françoise. Anne's previous marriage was to Julien Chartier who was a victim of the November 1729 Massacre at Natchez. Some lists show that Chartier's wife and child died also but it is apparent that, at least, Coudray survived. The fate of their child is unknown. Anne Coudray was still alive on 14 April 1766.]

2285. Marie POULAN (PAULUS)(PAULIER) died before 11 July 1730. If the 1727 census which shows a 'Jean Baptiste Leonard' and his two sons does, indeed, refer to her husband and children, she was deceased before 1 July 1727. According to her husband's 2nd marriage record in 1730, she died at New Orleans.

Children were:



Jean Frédéric LEONARD.


Jean Baptiste LEONARD was buried on 10 March 1757 at St. François d’Assise Catholic Cemetery in(Pointe Coupée Parish), Louisiana, USA.3094,1 (On his 13 March 1738 marriage contract to Marie Françoise Meguet (Muguet)(Mugniet)(Muguel), Jean Frédéric Leonard is identified as his brother.) NOTE: Jean Frédéric was unable to write his name according to his 1740 marriage annulment. However, he appears to have signed his initials on the 1738 marriage contract of his brother, Jean Baptiste. The initials are "J F L" and appear in the middle of the page although the "J" is backwards. Signing next to him is his father, Jean Baptiste Leonard. Jean Baptiste Sr. signed several documents with a full, legible signature.

As mentioned above, the 1721 ship list of "La Venus" shows that Jean Baptiste Leonard arrived with a wife and four children. One or more of the following individuals might have been the remaining two children but supporting documentation has not been found to date. It is also possible that one or more of these individuals were children of Leonard and his second wife, Anne Coudray, or that they were not related to this Leonard family at all. However, there is enough info existing for them to indicate that we do not want to ignore their presence in Louisiane. .... Special thanks to Glen Saucier for researching and providing this information.

1. Marie Anne Leonard, wife of Jacques Livet - He was a resident of Gentilly. However, no docs have been found which provide the parentage or age of Marie Anne Leonard. The couple did have a child, however, in 1733 (Jacques Georges Livet) who was baptized at SLC. A succession document was found for her dated 1748 ( although she was deceased by 1739. The 1726 Census places a "Linet" and his wife at Gentilly. The 1727 Census lists a "Rivit" (who might be the same person) with a wife and two children. In addition to Jacques George, there other children were: Isabelle/Élizabeth, and Marie Jeanne/Françoise.

2. Marie Jeanne Agnès Leonard, wife of Barthelemy Garret/Garelle/Garot - Garret/Garelle/Garot was deceased by 1762. In Barthelemy's 2nd marriage in 1762, his deceased wife was identified as Jeanne Agnès Leonard. She was first married to Pierre Sauvage and had (at least) three children with him.

3. Leonard of English Turn - He requested a negro at English Turn in 1726, documented regarding the escape of a negro in 1743 (as well as the probable murder of Sr. Corbin), and he was enumerated in an area adjacent to English Turn in 1766 (with a wife). In 1731, he was living next door or very close to Jacques Livet, Livet's wife and 4 children (along the Mississippi River).

4. There was a "Louis Leonnard" mentioned in two documents dated 27 February 1727 at New Orleans in which he is described as a voyageur who was testifying in a civil case. According to one of the documents, he was 26 years old at the time ( ..... is possible that these documents are a reference to same person described in #3 above as 'Leonard of English Turn'.