1960. Jean "Pierre" JOUINEAU was born about December 1632. He was baptized on 30 December 1632 in La Rochelle (Ste-Marguerite) (Charente-Maritime) (Poitou Charentes Region), France.1,1692 It appears that Jean Jouineau used the first name of "Pierre" after the death of his older brother, Pierre - possibly to distinguish himself from his father, Mathurin, who was usually called Jean. This first became apparent in a document notarized on 5 September 1662 by Louis Laurent du Portail which indicated that "Pierre Jouynau" owned a barn in Cap-de-la-Madeleine. (Cap-de-la-Madeleine is part of Trois-Rivières.) On 26 Oct 1664 at Cap-de-la-Madeleine (Québec Province), Canada, Louis Pinard, church warden, admitted to have received from Pierre "Juynau" the sum of 33 livres in deduction from 50 livres that he owed to "Mister Le Maistre". On 2 Nov 1664, "Pierre Juynau and Anne Rousseau his wife" sold to Francois Duclos "a grant situated on the Sainct Marc hill in the northeast to the land of Pierre Prou for the sum of 20 livres payable in French wheat goods and commodities". He was granted land in the concession of Étienne Pezard de la Tousche via an agreement he signed on 17 March 1665. On that date, Jean/Pierre was part of a group of colonists invited to the fief of Étienne Pezard de la Tousche in (what is now) Champlain. Per Thomas J. LaForest's book, "Our French Canadian Ancestors", the seigneur distributed concessions, 2x40 aprents, to each of them, in return for two bushels of seed wheat, a live capon and two deniers in cens, payable each winter at the seigneurial manor on Saint-Martin's day. On the contract signed by [person], the concession was not yet referred to as "Champlain". Jouineau's immediate neighbors were Nicolas Lemoyne and Massé Besnier. Although missing from the 1666 census, Jean/Pierre and his wife appeared in the census in 1667 in a section of the census entitled "Les Trois Riviere Le Cap & La Cour (?possibly Coste) Champlain" with his wife, Anne. Her surname was listed as Rousselle. The couple had four arpents of land under cultivation. Jean/Pierre was listed as 35 years of age; Anne was listed as age 30. On 16 July 1669, Jean "Pierre" JOUINEAU bought from Gilles Dupond(t?) a habitation situated below the Pépin River comprising two arpents in front and forty arpents in depth "extending on one part from the side in the southeast to Martin Foisy and from the other side in the north to Jacques Auber with a house built on it" for the sum of 80 livres tourney. This land which was located in the Marsolet Prairies (Champlain) was still owned by Jouineau on 17 November 1673, since Jean Rouge, surveyor, mentioned it in an official land report. On 31 March 1671 in Champlain (Québec Province), Canada, Jean "Pierre" JOUINEAU bought the land, house and barn of Nicolas Lemoyne - a property of obvious considerable value. Jean/Pierre paid the hefty sum of "eight hundred pounds tourney whenever it will seem proper to the said Jouineau. And moreover, the number of sixteen minots of wheat that the said Jouineau and his said wife will be obliged to pay to the said Lemoyne each year." This land, neighboring Jouineau's land grant of 1665, is where he settled his family. On 10 June 1680 in Champlain (Québec Province), Canada, he entered into an agreement in which "Pierre, widower of Anne Rousseau", essentially, formed a company/agreement with Nicolas le Moyne for all of their lives in which they were to share all possessions, profits and debts for 10 years. In the agreement, it also stated the terms of the agreement which include that le Moyne would bear the full responsibility for the two Juneau (Junio) children, Marie-Anne and Augustin, in the event of the death of Jean/Pierre. He appeared at Champlain in the 1681 General Census of New France with 2 children, two oxen and ten arpents under cultivation. The population of this fief was only 253 people by 1681. His wife, ANNE ROUSSEAU, had died the previous year so he was raising these children on his own. Interestingly, he was listed as 70 years of age on this census. On 23 March 1682, Pierre Dizy, Sire de Montplaisir, lieutenant of the habitant militia of Champlain, carried to Pierre Couillard the sum of 60 livres "legitimately due him by Nicolas Lemoyne and Pierre Junio of said Champlain" for arrears of the sale for which Lemoyne was obliged to pay him by contract passed March 19, 1679 and by another act passed before the said notary with "the said Junio the fourteenth of September last." He died on 9 August 1690 at the age of 57 in Québec (Québec Province), Canada.3025 Anne (Jeanne) ROUSSEAU and Jean "Pierre" JOUINEAU appear to have been married before 3 November 1663. This is confirmed by the fact that they appeared as witnessess for Anne Videau when she signed her marriage with Jacques Loiseau and Anne Rousseau was identified as the wife of "Jean Jouineau". It is likely that the couple married very shortly after she arrived from France and possibly married at Cap-de-la-Madeleine. Unfortunately, although the Jesuit Priests had recorded sacramental records at Champlain/Cap-de-la-Madeleine beginning in 1660, most of the records no longer exist.
1961. Anne (Jeanne) ROUSSEAU was born about 1635. She was possibly a "King's Daughter". The King's Daughters or "Filles du roi" were a group of approximately 800 young French women who immigrated to New France between 1663 and 1673 as part of a program by Louis XIV to furnish brides for the male immigrants. They were usually between the age of 12 and 25, had to supply a letter of reference from their parish priest and were provided a dowry by the King. The King also paid for their transport to New France. Most of the women were commoners of humble birth, were held to very high standards and were required to be physically fit enough to survive the hard work demanded of immigrants to the fledgling colony. She appeared in the census in 1667 in a section entitled "Les Trois Riviere Le Cap & La Cour (?possibly Coste) Champlain" with her husband, Pierre. Her surname was listed as Rousselle. The couple had four arpents of land under cultivation. Anne died on 8 March 1680 at the age of 44 in (Québec Province), Canada. She was the first person inscribed in the burial records of Champlain.1,1985 She was buried on 9 March 1680 at Notre-Dame-de-la-Visitation in Champlain (Québec Province), Canada.1,1985